The history of informal settlements in Iran is more than one hundred years old, and whenever the country is in a state of economic and political instability, these informal settlements have increased significantly as a result.
Tin settlements, brick stove settlements, and slums, etc. are part of these informal settlements, which in the past few years have become other forms such as grave sleepers, mountain sleeping, cardboard sleeping, valley sleeping, roof sleeping, etc.
The more life becomes economically difficult for families and individuals, the more they move to cheaper places, even if they are not well off in terms of services.
Unfortunately, this has become a formal story in Iran these days, the number of visits to informal settlements has increased and the regime’s officials are not even listening to the regime’s social experts about the danger of this phenomenon even for the regime self.
And is accusing its experts that they are exaggerating about this event and that they are in relation with the regime’s enemies so that they get tired and disappointed and stop pursuing this event.
According to the regime’s statistics, 60 percent of Iran’s population are at risk of poverty, of which 45 percent are below the housing poverty line.
Therefore, this issue has caused people to move from the city center to the suburbs and from the suburbs to their villages in the past few years.
The number of people living in the suburbs and rural areas is increasing day by day due to economic and political issues, and these people are moving to informal jobs such as peddling due to unemployment.
Petty theft has also increased among the marginalized, and thefts no longer involve mobile phones, but jackets and clothes are also among the items that are being stolen these days, and the main reason is that families are getting poorer.
According to the latest report of the Central Bank, the average price per square meter of housing units in the capital decreased by 0.2 percent in October to $1,100, the risk of population growth in absolute housing poverty is still high and worrying.
Looking at the report of the regime’s Office of Social Studies of the Ministry of Labor, Cooperation and Social Welfare on multidimensional poverty in the housing sector, it can be seen how dangerous the increase in the average price per square meter is for the society.
According to the Ministry of Labor, Cooperation, and Social Welfare, people living in Tehran province must spend more on housing than in other provinces. In contrast, people living in Sistan and Baluchestan, and Gilan are in extreme housing poverty; This means that in addition to paying more for housing, they live in homes that have poor amenities or are not made of durable materials and that in a country with high earthquake risk.
Another section of the report by the regime’s Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare also addresses the percentage of the population living in non-permanent housing; According to it, in Hormozgan, Sistan and Baluchestan, and Gilan, 63.2 percent, 44.9 percent and 44.5 percent of the population live in houses that are practically not very durable, respectively.
The national average for people living in such homes was 15.3 percent. The population of 15 provinces is higher than the national average.
The increase in the housing cost index in the household expenditure basket, along with the fact that the waiting period in Iran is 2.5 times higher than the global average for homeownership, shows the high pressure on housing costs on the country’s households, while the devaluation of the national currency is also increasing.
Iran’s households among the members of the OECD are paying the most for housing. 33.2 percent, which is about twice the average of 17.4 percent of member countries. This has also affected the housing access index, increasing it to 24.4 years.
According to the Statistics Center, in 2019, the number of households in the country reached 25,667 million, of which the number of urban and rural households was 19,561 million and 6,106 million in 2019, respectively.
Comparing the number of households and the rate of lack of affordable housing, it can be argued that about 9 million households in urban and 600,000 households in rural areas do not have access to affordable housing, and given the current price trend, they will never have access to a house.
Poor housing, as defined by the Ministry of Labor, Cooperation, and Social Welfare, refers to a situation in which people are deprived of access to at least one of the items of access to water, sanitation, adequate housing, sustainable housing, and business security. The regime’s Ministry of Cooperatives believes that the poor housing rate for the poor is twice as high as for the non-poor.
Of course, according to this ministry, the poor are people who live below the absolute poverty line. This ministry said that in general, “housing poverty in Iran has a wide range, including the inability to finance housing, as well as people living in unsuitable houses in terms of age, type of structure and access to urban facilities.”