Iran General NewsUN arms trade pact passes over objections by Iran,...

UN arms trade pact passes over objections by Iran, Syria

-

Bloomberg: The first international treaty regulating the $70 billion global arms trade was approved today in a lopsided vote at the United Nations General Assembly, days after it was delayed by a handful of countries led by Iran.

Bloomberg

By Flavia Krause-Jackson & Peter S. Green

The first international treaty regulating the $70 billion global arms trade was approved today in a lopsided vote at the United Nations General Assembly, days after it was delayed by a handful of countries led by Iran.

The treaty was approved by a 154-3 tally, more than two- thirds of the 193-member General Assembly. Iran, Syria and North Korea voted against the pact and 23 countries abstained.
Enlarge image Global Arms Trade Treaty Passes 154-3 at UN as Iran Objects

Delegates to the United Nations General Assembly applaud the passage of the first UN treaty regulating the international arms trade. Photographer: Timothy A. Clary/AFP via Getty Images

Hammered out after years of negotiations, the agreement seeks to stop cross-border shipments of conventional weapons — from small arms and missile launchers to tanks, warships and attack helicopters — that could enable war crimes, terrorism or human rights violations.

The next step is for member states to sign and ratify it. When at least 50 countries have done so, the treaty will go into force. Iran, North Korea and Syria had temporarily blocked approval at a March 28 meeting in New York, where the accord could have been adopted by unanimous agreement after nine days of negotiations on its final terms.

While the U.S. supported adoption, the treaty faces an uphill fight in the Senate, where a two-thirds majority is needed for ratification. On March 23, senators voted 53-46 for a symbolic measure opposing U.S. participation in the pact. Eight Democrats and all 45 Senate Republicans opposed the treaty.

The National Rifle Association, a gun-rights lobbying group based in Fairfax, Virginia, has fought the UN rules, saying they would impinge on the U.S. Constitution’s Second Amendment right to bear arms, though domestic gun sales were excluded from the proposed treaty.
Cracking Down

Thomas Countryman, assistant secretary of state for international security and nonproliferation, who led the U.S. delegation to the treaty negotiations, said last week the agreement would reduce worldwide violence by cracking down on black-market arms sales.

The U.S. already has the highest standards in the world for regulating weaponry and the treaty would bring the rest of the world closer to meeting those standards, Countryman said.

After years of discussions about a multilateral international arms sales agreement, it wasn’t until 2009, after President Barack Obama took office, that the U.S. reversed long- standing opposition to a treaty, which would have little impact without endorsement by the largest global arms exporter.

To attract U.S. backing, ammunition, parts and components were left out of the broad scope of the treaty. Instead, countries would be required to “maintain a national control system to regulate” those exports.

The five veto-wielding members of the UN Security Council – – China, France, Russia, the U.K. and the U.S. — account for about 60 percent of the global arms trade.

Latest news

Iran: 60% Of Population Is Poor

The livelihood baskets of the Iranian people are shrinking dramatically. This, in turn, has introduced new concerns to protect...

The implications of EU’s terrorist designation of the Revolutionary Guards (IRGC)

The European Parliament called on January 18 for the European Union to list Iran's Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) as a...

Iran’s Regime Is Hiding Human Rights Violations In Its Prisons

With more than four months into Iran’s latest round of nationwide uprisings, the brutality of the Iranian regime’s security...

How Internet Censorship Is Damaging Iran’s Economy

While in the last four months, internet access in Iran has been cut off or severely limited, the regime’s...

Iran Regime’s Upcoming Budget Bill Will Lead To More Protests

On January 12, the Iranian regime’s president Ebrahim Raisi handed over the country’s budget bill to the parliament.  According...

Iran Is Facing a Severe Shortage of Natural Gas

With the start of winter and cold season, the National Iranian Gas Company declared, "we have entered a gas...

Must read

US demands Iran end ‘horrible rhetoric’

AFP: The United States called Monday on Iran to...

Brits might offer an Iranian nuclear plan

AP: Britain has come up with a plan to...

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you