Reuters: Following are highlights of an eight-page draft resolution imposing sanctions on Iran that was distributed to the U.N. Security Council on Wednesday. Britain, France and Germany, who drafted the measure, are scheduling a vote on Friday. (Reuters) – Following are highlights of an eight-page draft resolution imposing sanctions on Iran that was distributed to the U.N. Security Council on Wednesday. Britain, France and Germany, who drafted the measure, are scheduling a vote on Friday.
— Invokes Chapter 7, Article 41 of the U.N. Charter which makes enforcement mandatory but excludes military action.
— Decides all nations must ban items, materials, goods and technology that could contribute to Iran’s “enrichment-related, reprocessing or heavy water related activities, or to the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems,” such as ballistic missiles. The ban applies to exports and imports.
— Individual nations can use their own judgment in barring dual-use items if they contribute to Iran’s prohibited nuclear work, but need to verify the “end-use and end-use location” and inform the Security Council’s sanctions committee.
— Equipment for light-water reactors is not included, nor is low-enriched uranium in assembled nuclear fuel elements. This exempts an $800 million light-water reactor Russia is building for Iran at Bushehr,
— A mandatory travel ban is eliminated. The draft now calls on states to notify a Security Council sanctions panel should any individuals or envoys of groups on a list attached the draft cross their borders.
— Urges nations to “prevent specialized teaching or training” of Iranian nationals in areas that could advance banned nuclear work.
— Freezes funds and financial assets owned or controlled by entities or persons associated with Iran’s nuclear or missile programs, according to a list in the resolution. But the sanctions panel can delete or add any names.
— Those targeted for travel and an assets freeze are 11 organizations and 12 individuals. They include Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization and firms dealing with its centrifuge programs, heavy-water reactor at Arak and pilot uranium enrichment plant at Natanz.
— Individuals named include the vice president for research and development at Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, officials associated with the Arak and Natanz plants and the rector of Malek Ashtar University of Defense Technology.
— Sanctions can be suspended if the director-general of International Atomic Energy Agency, determines Iran has suspended its enrichment work, including research and development, so negotiations can resume. The first IAEA report is due within 60 days after the resolution is adopted.
— Sanctions can be lifted if the IAEA determines Iran has complied fully with relevant Security Council resolutions and requirements from the IAEA Board of Governors.
— If Iran refuses, the council can consider “further appropriate measures” under Article 41 of Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter.