Iran Nuclear NewsHouse majority demands Obama consult Congress on Iran nuclear...

House majority demands Obama consult Congress on Iran nuclear deal


The Hill: More than three-quarters of the House are demanding President Obama consult with Congress on any final nuclear agreement with Iran as the deadline for negotiations nears. “Any permanent sanctions relief demands congressional approval,” 344 lawmakers from both sides of the aisle wrote in a letter sent to Obama on Thursday.


The Hill

By Rebecca Shabad 

More than three-quarters of the House are demanding President Obama consult with Congress on any final nuclear agreement with Iran as the deadline for negotiations nears.

“Any permanent sanctions relief demands congressional approval,” 344 lawmakers from both sides of the aisle wrote in a letter sent to Obama on Thursday.

The Obama administration has said a final agreement with Iran could bring its government phased relief from sanctions tied to its nuclear activity.

Diplomats are currently in Vienna, Austria, working toward a July 20 deadline to strike a deal, though recent reports said negotiators were making little progress. 

House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) and the panel’s ranking member, Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), gathered support for the letter. The letter was also signed by other top lawmakers including Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio), House Majority Leader Eric Cantor (R-Va.), House Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer (Md.), House Armed Services Committee Chairman Buck McKeon (R-Calif.) and House Intelligence Committee Chairman Mike Rogers (R-Mich.).

The lawmakers referred to remarks Secretary of State John Kerry recently made at a congressional hearing in which he suggested Congress would be kept in the loop if a deal is struck.

“Well, of course. We would be obligated to under the law,” Kerry was quoted as saying. He added: “What we do will have to pass muster with Congress.” 

“We strongly agree with the Secretary’s assessment, and believe the final agreement must verifiably ensure that Iran is denied an undetectable nuclear weapons breakout capability,” the letter says.

The lawmakers expressed concern, however, over the boundaries of sanctions relief, which appear to be murky. U.S. law, they said, doesn’t exclusively define the sanctions against Iran as “nuclear-related” and instead apply toward many other areas.

“Almost all sanctions related to Iran’s nuclear program are also related to Tehran’s advancing ballistic missile program, intensifying support for international terrorism, and other unconventional weapons programs,” they wrote, adding that many sanctions also prevent Iranian banks from involvement in terrorism, proliferation and money laundering. 

Therefore, the lawmakers suggested sanctions relief wouldn’t be immediate or direct. 

“Iran’s permanent and verifiable termination of all of these activities — not just some — is a prerequisite for permanently lifting most congressionally-mandated sanctions. This often unnoted reality necessitates extensive engagement with Congress before offers of relief are made to Iran, and requires Congressional action if sanctions are to be permanently lifted,” they added. 

Obama administration officials say Iran has so far abided by the six-month interim agreement that has frozen its nuclear program. In the beginning stages of the deal, lawmakers threatened to introduce legislation that would impose further sanctions if Iran violated the deal’s requirements, but they eventually backed down amid opposition from the White House.

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New York Times

The New York Times

Kurdish Government Calls on Maliki to Quit as Iraqi Premier

By Alissa J. Rubin and Alan Cowell

BAGHDAD — The Kurdish regional government responded Thursday to harsh criticism from Iraq’s prime minister, Nuri Kamal al-Maliki, announcing that its ministers would boycott cabinet meetings, demanding an apology to the Iraqi people and calling on Mr. Maliki to step down.

The political fissure was exacerbated after Mr. Maliki on Wednesday accused the Kurds of turning their regional capital into the headquarters of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, as well as harboring members of the Baath Party of former President Saddam Hussein and other opponents of the Iraqi government.

The Iraqi government halted all cargo flights to Kurdistan on Thursday, said Capt. Nasser al-Bandar, the head of civil aviation in the Iraqi government. Kurdistan had responded by halting its cargo flights to Baghdad, he said.

Iraq has also notified the United Nations that Sunni militants from ISIS seized nuclear material from a university in the northern city of Mosul last month as they advanced toward Baghdad, the nuclear regulatory body of the United Nations said Thursday.

Gill Tudor, a spokeswoman for the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is based in Vienna, said in a statement that the organization’s experts believed that the material — thought to be uranium — was “low grade and would not present a significant safety, security or nuclear proliferation risk.”

Word of the seizure first emerged in a letter to the United Nations that was dated Tuesday and seen by reporters from Reuters, which quoted it as saying that “terrorists” from ISIS had taken control of the materials.

The letter said that almost 90 pounds of uranium compounds had been kept at the university and that the materials “can be used in manufacturing weapons of mass destruction,” Reuters said.

But the theft has not caused alarm in the safeguards division of the atomic energy agency in Vienna, said a diplomat there who spoke on the condition of anonymity to provide information that is considered sensitive.

“This seems to be a reagent used in teaching,” the diplomat said, adding that it was a relatively small amount of material that could “fit in a bucket.”

The mention of such weapons resonates in Iraq, where the American-led invasion of 2003 was justified in Washington and London by assertions that Saddam Hussein, the leader at the time, had acquired weapons of mass destruction. None were ever found by the invading forces.

In her statement on Thursday, Ms. Tudor said that the atomic energy agency “is aware of the notification from Iraq and is in contact to seek further details.”

She said experts did not believe that the material could be fashioned into a weapon. “Nevertheless,” the statement said, “any loss of regulatory control over nuclear and other radioactive materials is a cause for concern.”

Mr. Maliki, the Iraqi leader, asked the Kurds on Wednesday to “stop the operations room for ISIS” and implied that the Kurds had assisted the Sunni militants who swept into northern Iraq and seized territory in June, saying that the government had “diagnosed the internal and external parties who supported the conspiracy that took place in Iraq.”

Kurdistan is a semiautonomous region encompassing three provinces in northern Iraq. The Kurds are represented in the Iraqi Parliament and hold offices in the Shiite-led national government, including president, foreign minister, trade minister and health minister. However, they also have their own Parliament and regional government, and have foreign missions in several countries.

“He has become hysterical and has lost his balance,” the Kurdish president, Massoud Barzani, said in a statement, referring to Mr. Maliki. “He is doing everything he can to justify his failures and put the blame on others.”

Many Iraqis believe that the Kurds used the push by ISIS — and the ensuing security vacuum after many Iraqi government troops fled the fighting — to seize control of the oil-rich Kirkuk region, as well as towns in the northern part of Diyala Province and a number of border villages where there are substantial Kurdish-speaking populations. The Kurds believe that these areas are part of their domain.

The back and forth is also part of a risky political calculation by Mr. Maliki and Mr. Barzani that each will garner points with his own loyalists by criticizing the other. Many Shiites feel betrayed by the Kurds after their seizure of Kirkuk and other border areas, and support Mr. Maliki’s accusations. For their part, the Kurds believe that they are part of a movement to remove Mr. Maliki and that the tough talk will rally his opponents as well as reinforce the Kurdish position on Kirkuk.

Relations between the Iraqi central government and the Kurdish region have been deteriorating for months, with the central government refusing to pay salaries of Kurdish government employees because the Kurds have been trying to export oil independently.

In his statement, Mr. Barzani’s office noted that the Kurdish region and its capital, Erbil, had once been a haven for Mr. Maliki, and said it was Mr. Maliki who had ceded ground to the ISIS militants, not the Kurds. However, many opponents of the Maliki government have also found refuge in Kurdistan, including many Sunnis who are insisting that Mr. Maliki, a Shiite, step down.

“Kurdistan is proud that Erbil has always served as a refuge for oppressed people, including yourself when you fled the former dictatorship,” the statement said. “Now Erbil is a refuge for people fleeing from your dictatorship.”

A former speaker for the Kurdish Parliament in Erbil, Abdul Salam Barwari, expressed the long-held frustration of Kurds and Sunnis with Mr. Maliki’s policies, which they regard as discriminatory.

“We have sacrificed to hold Iraq together, while he breaks it apart,” he said.

Alissa J. Rubin reported from Baghdad, and Alan Cowell from London. Omar Al-Jawoshy contributed reporting from Baghdad, and William J. Broad from New York. 

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