London, 31 May – While life for many Iranians is plagued by persecution from the Regime and poverty stemming from the mistakes of the Regime, minorities are more likely to suffer an enhanced level of discrimination. This includes Sunni Muslims, Kurds, Christians, Arabs, Jews and Balochi etc.
Track Persia has produced a report into the historical persecution of Jewish people in Iran, with special attention paid to the persecution suffered under the Regime. We have separated them into sections below.
Track Persia reports that Jewish Iranians have always had a “peculiar” economic status: often being forced into roles that the ruling elites thought were “immoral” but occasionally, Jewish people were able to perform duties that the Shiite Muslims were unable to or refused to for religious or social reasons, making the Jews necessary to the Iranians: i.e. silver/gold work, alcohol production, dyeing fabrics.
They wrote: “The Shiite Islamic culture and customs encouraged some Jews to incline toward certain professions. This seems to have partially been the case with the Shi’ite purity concerns mentioned above that directed some of the Jews toward peddling and petty trading… Given their low status, Jews were afforded socially-despised and immoral vocations, shunned by Iran’s Shiite majority Muslims including dyeing materials that involved strong odours and cleaning excrement pits. Some Jews were also singers, musicians and dancers- these activities were regarded as those of dissolute persons.”
Track Persia also cites numerous incidents of Jews in Iran being forced to convert or lose their homes and perhaps their lives, during past centuries. They report that many Jews chose to outwardly convert but secretly maintain their religion.
Under the Regime
However, since the rise of the Iranian Regime in 1979, things have become must worse for Jewish Iranians.
Shortly after the Regime took power, they executed a leading Jewish businessman, Habib Elghanian, for his business dealing with Israel and in 1998, they executed Ruhollah Kadkhodah-Zadeh, who was helping to smuggle Jews out of the country.
Many of the richer Jews have fled the country since emmigration restrictions were lifted but the poor remain.
Track Persia reported: “Jews in Iran must take care not to be seen as interested or involved in Israel, though many have family there and have secretly visited Israel via third countries.”
Then, former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his officials made a slew of anti-Semitic comments, including denying the Holocaust.
Track Persia reported: “The departure of Ahmadinejad in 2013 did not stop the outbursts of anti-Semitism. In April 2015, commenting on Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians, the MP Ahmad Tavakkoli accused the Jews of ‘blood shedding and even bloodthirstiness based on their altered religion and teachings’.”
Track Persia concluded: “There are many issues that the Jews of Iran consider unfair such as accessing to high-ranking posts in government ministries and the inheritance law. Under Iran’s Sharia law, if one sibling in a non-Muslim family converts to Islam, he inherits the entirety of his parents’ assets.”